Land Use and Spatial Distribution of Two Gum And Incense Producing Tree Species In The Blue-nile Valley of Wogidi District, Ethiopia

Show simple item record Musimba, Nashon K. R. Ekaya, Wellington N. Farah, Kassim O. 2015-01-22T07:01:31Z 2015-01-22T07:01:31Z 2003
dc.identifier.citation Journal of Human Ecology, 14(2): 77-87 (2003) en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0970-9274
dc.description.abstract The study was conducted in the Blue-Nile valley of Wogidi district in Ethiopia, where woody vegetation degradation associated with intensive land use activities has become a national concern. It was undertaken with an overall objective of documenting the impacts of land use and topography on the spatial distribution of two gum and incense producing tree species, Boswellia papyrifera (Del.) Hochst and Commiphora africana (A. Rich.) Engl.. Five land use units, each with two slope categories (25% and > 25%) were subjected to a 5x2 factorial arrangement and a total of 50 sample points were employed to measure density, crown cover, and age ratio of trees. Analysis of vegetation attributes revealed that, except for density of C. africana, all the vegetation attributes did show lower status in the heavily populated land use units than the control site reflecting the differential impact of intensive land use pressure against protection. In the heavily populated land use unit (Luu-3) for example, density, cover and age ratio of B. papyrifera trees were as low as 8.3 trees/ha, 7.7% and 0.21 respectively. In contrast to this, i.e. in the site of low population pressure (the control) the same attributes appeared to be measured as 77 trees/ha, 7.7% and 0.51 respectively. However, attached to the proximity ecological position, density and crown cover of B. papyrifera showed no significant difference (P. > 0.05) between Luu-1 and Luu-2. Density of C. africana, most likely due to its affinity to a specific microhabitat, it did not differ among all land use units (P > 0.05). Between the slope aspects of the area, B. papyrifera and C. africana were found to dominate the steep (>25%) and gentle (25%) slopes respectively. Regarding density of B. papyrifera, while it was 196 trees/ha in the steep slope, 146 trees/ha were documented from the lower slope aspect. Inversely related to this, C. africana had 68 and 102 trees/ha on >25% and 25% slopes respectively. Age ratio analysis of B. papyrifera trees, however, did not show significant difference (P > 0.05) between these two slope categories. In the study area therefore, land use and slope were identified as determinant factors to the spatial distribution of woody vegetation and policy frameworks to account these factors are suggested to be substantial in the management of such resources en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Kamla-Raj Enterprises en_US
dc.subject Land Use en_US
dc.subject Vegetation en_US
dc.subject Spatial Distribu-tion en_US
dc.subject Topography en_US
dc.title Land Use and Spatial Distribution of Two Gum And Incense Producing Tree Species In The Blue-nile Valley of Wogidi District, Ethiopia en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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