Effect of transportation on stress hormones of indigenous chicken in Machakos county, Kenya

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dc.contributor.author Mativo, Damaris N. N.
dc.contributor.author Kanui, Titus I.
dc.contributor.author Hunja, Carol W.
dc.date.accessioned 2022-09-08T06:34:36Z
dc.date.available 2022-09-08T06:34:36Z
dc.date.issued 2022
dc.identifier.citation European Journal of Advanced Research in Biological and Life Sciences, Vol. 10 No. 1 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 2056-5984
dc.identifier.uri http://www.idpublications.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/08/Full-Paper-EFFECT-OF-TRANSPORTATION-ON-STRESS-HORMONES-OF-INDIGENOUS-CHICKEN-IN-MACHAKOS-COUNTY-KENYA.pdf
dc.identifier.uri http://repository.seku.ac.ke/handle/123456789/6865
dc.description.abstract The objective of this study was to establish the effect of transportation on stress hormones of indigenous chicken in Machakos County, Kenya. The study was experimental with two treatments. The first batch of 4 hens were tied together and loaded on to an open roof top of the transport vehicle. The second batch of 4 hens was loaded into traditional transport cages and the cage loaded on top of the transport vehicle. The test birds acted as their own controls. Transport conditions of temperature, relative humidity, air speed, vehicle velocity was measured by use of automatic data loggers. Cortisol levels were measured for each treatment separately at the beginning and at the end of a 1 hour 59 minutes journey on a road stretch of 119.5 km (Machakos-Kitui road). Statistical t-tests at P<0.05 were run to determine effect of each treatment and difference between treatments. The study showed that transportation increased serum cortisol levels. The amounts were significantly higher in birds transported on the open roof top by 26.05 ng/ml. The study recommends that transportation of chicken should be done using cages designed, constructed and fitted properly to ensure sufficient floor and head space to allow the chicken to sit comfortably and evenly distributed during transportation as appropriate for the chicken size and weight. Further, transportation cages should be adequately ventilated to meet the thermoregulation conditions of the birds. The findings will be important in providing empirical evidence that helps in improving transportation conditions, and help in directing policy in the industry. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Cortisol en_US
dc.subject Stress en_US
dc.subject Transportation en_US
dc.subject Welfare en_US
dc.title Effect of transportation on stress hormones of indigenous chicken in Machakos county, Kenya en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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