In Vitro Micropropagation of Freesia hybrida and the Assessment of Genetic and Epigenetic Stability in Regenerated Plantlets

Show simple item record Kimatu, Josphert N. Gao, Xiang Yang, Dan Cao, Donghui Ao, Man Sui, Xin Wang, Qinmei Wang, Li 2015-01-16T09:01:12Z 2015-01-16T09:01:12Z 2009-12-30
dc.identifier.citation Journal of Plant Growth Regulation September 2010, Volume 29, Issue 3, pp 257-267 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0721-7595
dc.description DOI 10.1007/s00344-009-9133-4 en_US
dc.description.abstract Freesia hybrida is an important worldwide cut flower, especially in America and Europe. For efficient regeneration of this flower from young inflorescence and rachillae in tetraploid, we developed a simple in vitro micropropagation protocol. Explants of Freesia hybrida can regenerate plantlets through somatic embryogenesis via two kinds of pathways, that is, directly from the epidermal cells or indirectly from an embryonic callus, depending on the exogenous plant growth regulators (PGRs) used in the culture media. In direct embryogenesis, when the explants were cultured on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with 11.43 μM indole acetic acid (IAA) and 4.44 μM 6-benzylaminopurine (6-BA), the induction rate was 84% for young inflorescence and 100% for rachillae. After the multishoots were subcultured on the rooting MS medium containing 1.08 μM α-naphthalene acetic acid (NAA), the rooting rate was close to 100%. In indirect embryogenesis, embryonic calluses were formed when the culture medium contained 22.22 μM 6-BA and 4.52 μM 2,4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid (2,4-D), and the induction rate was 92.4% for young inflorescence and 100% for rachillae. After the embryonic calluses were transferred to the medium supplemented with 11.43 μM IAA and 13.33 μM 6-BA, they could develop into plantlets with roots. In assessing the two regeneration pathways in terms of genetic and epigenetic fidelity of the regenerants, two kinds of molecular markers [amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) and methylation-sensitive amplified polymorphism (MSAP)] were employed. The AFLP analysis used 20 primer pairs that yielded 916 scorable bands among the donor plant and 11 regenerants from direct embryogenesis, of which 8 (0.87%) were polymorphic. The regenerants from indirect embryogenesis had 1075 clear bands of which 3 (0.27%) were polymorphic scorable bands from 18 primer pairs. Moreover, the variant band patterns included two types, that is, loss-of-original and gain-of-novel bands. MSAP analysis revealed that tissue culturing of the flower induced DNA cytosine methylation alterations in both CG and CNG levels and patterns compared with the donor plant. The variation rate was 1.1 and 1.3% for the direct and indirect embryogenesis pathways, respectively. The findings show that tissue culture of flowering plants is a form of stress which can induce some heritable epigenetic variations and should be considered in future long-term genotype preservation programs of Freesia hybrida. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Springer Verlag en_US
dc.subject Freesia hybrida en_US
dc.subject Somatic embryogenesis en_US
dc.subject DNA methylation en_US
dc.subject Somaclonal variation en_US
dc.subject Genetic and epigenetic stability en_US
dc.title In Vitro Micropropagation of Freesia hybrida and the Assessment of Genetic and Epigenetic Stability in Regenerated Plantlets en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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