Social-ecological change in the Omo-Turkana basin: A synthesis of current developments

Show simple item record Hodbod, Jennifer Stevenson, Edward G. J. Akall, Gregory Akuja, Thomas E. Angelei, Ikal Bedasso, Elias A. Buffavand, Lucie Derbyshire, Samuel Eulenberger, Immo Gownaris, Natasha Kamski, Benedikt Kurewa, Abdikadir Lokuruka, Michael Mulugeta, Mercy F. Okenwa, Doris Rodgers, Cory Tebbs, Emma 2019-01-15T11:22:11Z 2019-01-15T11:22:11Z 2019-01
dc.identifier.citation Ambio en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0044-7447
dc.identifier.issn 1654-7209
dc.description DOI: en_US
dc.description.abstract This paper synthesizes current knowledge on the impacts of the Gibe III dam and associated large-scale commercial farming in the Omo-Turkana Basin, based on an expert elicitation coupled with a scoping review and the collective knowledge of an multidisciplinary network of researchers with active data-collection programs in the Basin. We use social-ecological systems and political ecology frameworks to assess the impacts of these interventions on hydrology and ecosystem services in the Basin, and cascading effects on livelihoods, patterns of migration, and conflict dynamics for the people of the region. A landscape-scale transformation is occurring in which commodities, rather than staple foods for local consumption, are becoming the main output of the region. Mitigation measures initiated by the Ethiopian government—notably resettlement schemes—are not adequately buffering affected communities from food insecurity following disruption to indigenous livelihood systems. Therefore, while benefits are accruing to labor migrants, the costs of development are currently borne primarily by the agro–pastoralist indigenous people of the region. We consider measures that might maximize benefits from the changes underway and mitigate their negative outcomes, such as controlled floods, irrigating fodder crops, food aid, and benefit sharing. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Springer Netherlands en_US
dc.subject Ecosystem services en_US
dc.subject Equity en_US
dc.subject Gibe III en_US
dc.subject Omo en_US
dc.subject Social-ecological systems en_US
dc.subject Turkana en_US
dc.title Social-ecological change in the Omo-Turkana basin: A synthesis of current developments en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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