Land-Use Change and Livestock Production Challenges in an Integrated System: The Masai-Mara Ecosystem, Kenya

Show simple item record Nyariki, Dickson M. Mwang’ombe, Agnes W. Thompson, D. M. 2014-12-04T05:32:39Z 2014-12-04T05:32:39Z 2009
dc.identifier.citation Journal of Human Ecology, 26(3): 163-173 (2009) en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0970-9274
dc.description.abstract Participatory rural appraisal techniques and a survey of 100 households were used to evaluate livestock production, and pastoral development of the Maasai in Mara. It was observed that patterns of land-use have principally changed from nomadic pastoralism to sedentary pastoralism, agropastoralism, and, in some cases, pure cultivation. These trends have adversely affected livestock production and the productive capacity of the Mara ecosystem. Diminishing grazing area occasioned by expanding cropping patterns has negatively impacted on vegetation resources and the biodiversity of the ecosystem. It has also increased the intensity of conflict over diminishing land resources. Because the production system is largely subsistence with a strong livestock base, it is further undermined by, among other factors, animal diseases, water scarcity, land individualisation, poor marketing infrastructure, and livestock/wildlife conflicts. Based on the findings of the present study, development approaches need to emphasise integrated livestock and wildlife utilisation, land tenure reforms that embody livestock mobility as a key strategy of optimising the use of transient forage resources, disease control, and development of livestock marketing. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Kamla-Raj Enterprises en_US
dc.subject Commercialization of Pastoral Production en_US
dc.subject Kenya’s Semi-arid Lands en_US
dc.subject Livelihoods en_US
dc.subject Pastoral Development. Masai Mara en_US
dc.subject integrated Land Management en_US
dc.title Land-Use Change and Livestock Production Challenges in an Integrated System: The Masai-Mara Ecosystem, Kenya en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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