Drought coping strategies among the Rendille of Mardabit District in Northern Kenya

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dc.contributor.author Ndathi, Aphaxard J. N.
dc.contributor.author Langill, S.
dc.date.accessioned 2015-03-24T06:45:06Z
dc.date.available 2015-03-24T06:45:06Z
dc.date.issued 2001-03
dc.identifier.citation The challenges of drought to livestock production in Kenya:Proceedings of APSK 2001 annual symposium held 7-8 March at Egerton University,7-8 March 2001 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://www.kari.org:8080/repository/handle/1/391
dc.identifier.uri http://repository.seku.ac.ke/handle/123456789/1092
dc.description.abstract Livestock are the main source of food (milk, meat and blood) for the Rendille pastoralists living in Marsabit District of Northern Kenya. However, drought is a common occurence in the arid Rendille grazing areas coming roughly after every 5-7 years. The Rendille pastoralists have used various strategies for coping with these droughts. The objective of this study was to identify the ravages of major drought and evaluate the various coping strategies. This study used PRA tool of historical matrix exercise to identify the main drought coping strategies. Major droughts occurred in 1890, 1910, 1949, 1970, 1984 and 1991. The strategies identified by the pastoralists included, exchanging children for dried meat, utilising other animal products by the pastoralists included, exchanging children for dried meat, utilisiing other animal products (blood, meat and fat), borrowing milk animals from relatives and friends, selling animals to buy food, eating ild fruits and tubers and receiving famine relief food. Famine relief, although having starting later than most drought coping strategies is now the most reliable strategy. This may be gradually decreasing the capacity of the Rendille pastoralists to cope with droughts. The pastoralists did not mention some important strategies such as migrating to areas with forage and water and practising non-pastoral activities. This may be because of the obviousness of these strategies. Finally, since droughts are always there in pastoral production systems, all development plans for pastoral areas should have a provision for drought years. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Animal production society of Kenya en_US
dc.title Drought coping strategies among the Rendille of Mardabit District in Northern Kenya en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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