Energy Characteristics of Five Indigenous Tree Species at Kitulangalo Forest Reserve in Morogoro, Tanzania.

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dc.contributor.author Warburg, Christopher T.
dc.contributor.author King’ondu, Cecil K.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-09-11T09:31:45Z
dc.date.available 2017-09-11T09:31:45Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier.citation International Journal of Renewable Energy Research, Vol 4, No 4 (2014) en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1309-0127
dc.identifier.uri http://www.ijrer.com/index.php/ijrer/article/viewFile/1778/6449
dc.identifier.uri http://repository.seku.ac.ke/handle/123456789/3536
dc.description.abstract This study presents the investigation of material composition and energy characteristics of B. spiciformis, B. boehmii, C. molle, P. maprouneifolia, and S. birrea indigenous tree species at kitulangalo forest reserve in Tanzania. The energy content of the individual species is largely dependent on its chemical composition (C, H and O) and it is negatively affected by the inclusion of inorganic elements and moisture. Biomass chemical composition was done by proximate and ultimate analyses. On the basis of elemental composition, P. maprouneifolia and C. molle exhibited high energy content of 18.62 and 18.30 MJ/Kg, respectively due to their higher H:C ratio and relatively low O:C ratio. Carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen were found to be highest in P. maprouneifolia with 46.71, 41.96, and 5.7%, respectively. In contrast, P. maprouneifolia had the lowest N:C ratio of 0.014, implying good efficiency for nitrogen use to fix carbon. On the other hand, ash, moisture, and volatiles were highest at 4, 55, and 85% for S. birrea, B. spiciformis, and S. birrea, correspondingly. The ratio of macronutrients to carbon for each species was also calculated. Results show that all species have high demand for nitrogen followed by potassium and calcium, in that order. Finally, heating values have been shown to decrease with increasing moisture content. These experimental findings form a basis for ranking these materials for energy generation. They also provide vital biomass information equipment and process designers. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject energy en_US
dc.subject renewable energy en_US
dc.subject biomass energy en_US
dc.title Energy Characteristics of Five Indigenous Tree Species at Kitulangalo Forest Reserve in Morogoro, Tanzania. en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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